Semen Production

Since 1950s, we have come a long way and a number of reproductive technologies have come into regular use with noteworthy results. With frozen semen, superior gains are achieved by maintaining high genetic merit bulls at the semen stations and producing quality semen doses for AI. There is better scope of surveillance for health, biosecurity, efficient utilization of resources and maximizing production.

A professionally managed semen station that adheres strictly to the Minimum Standards Protocols (MSP) laid down and has in place adequate bio-security measures to produce disease-free semen is the nucleus of any genetic improvement programme. It produces disease-free quality frozen semen in order to ensure better fertility and faster genetic progress. It should have been graded A or B by the Central Monitoring Unit of the Government of India.

There are presently 44 A & B Graded Semen Stations in India producing around 85 million Frozen Semen Doses (FSDs) to cater the need of Artificial Insemination in the country. It is planned that the A and B Graded Semen Stations together produce around 140 million Frozen Semen Doses (FSDs) by the end of 2021- 22.

To facilitate decision making at various levels, NDDB collates, analyses and shares data pertaining to semen production from semen stations belonging to Livestock Development Boards/ Agencies, Animal Husbandry Departments of government, cooperatives, NGOs, private agencies and trusts.

1. Sabarmati Ashram Gaushala, Bidaj

Sabarmati Ashram Gaushala (SAG) is India’s premium research centre for the use of advanced genetic improvement and reproductive technology to enhance animal productivity. Founded in 1915 by Mahatma Gandhi, SAG’s management was handed over to NDDB in 1973.

SAG’s semen station established in 1976 is India’s largest semen station with ISO 9001:2008 certification and has been consistently graded A by the CMU in all its evaluation. It produces over 100 lakh frozen semen doses annually, setting quality standards for all aspects of bull and semen production in India.

SAG’s core activities are bull production, frozen semen production, breed conservation and fodder seed production.

The station maintains a diverse germplasm of exotic, crossbred and indigenous breeds of cattle and buffaloes for semen production such as Gir, Kankrej, Sahiwal, Red Sindhi, Khillar, Holstein Friesian/Jersey pure and crossbred cattle breeds and the Murrah, Jaffarabadi, Banni, Pandharpuri and Mehsana buffalo breeds. SAG has excellent embryo transfer and in vitro fertilisation (IVF) facilities and also utilises ET technology for its bull production and breed conservation programmes.

It produces disease-free semen conforming to international standards by adhering strictly to laid down Minimum Standards Protocols (MSP) including the bio-security measures.

2. Animal Breeding Centre, Salon

NDDB established the Animal Breeding Centre (ABC) 25 years ago, with the objective of improving the genetic quality of dairy animals in the country by disseminating superior germplasm. Today, it is a Centre of Excellence in animal breeding and production of quality semen in the country. ABC is the third largest semen station in India.

Its main activity is bull and semen production, offering high quality genetics in the form of frozen semen and breeding bulls. The Centre has elite bulls of Sahiwal, Red Sindhi, Rathi, Tharparkar, Haryana, Holstein Friesian/ Jersey pure and crossbred cattle breeds and the Murrah and Bhadawari buffalo breeds.

3. Rohtak Semen Station

Haryana Dairy Development Cooperative Federation Ltd. (HDDCF) handed over the management of Rohtak Semen Station (formerly known as Semen Bank cum Training Centre (SBTC))  to National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) on 1st September, 2009.

Strengthening of Rohtak Semen Station:

The semen production facility has been strengthened to meet this future requirement by necessary renovation of Bull Sheds, Semen Collection Arena, Semen Processing Laboratory, Office building and other allied civil structures. Present Semen Processing Laboratory is fully equipped with modern imported/indigenous equipment conforming to latest semen processing technology.  A Quality Control laboratory has also been established and equipped with all necessary infrastructures.

The production of Frozen Semen Doses started in December, 2011.The semen station produced 5.37 lakh frozen semen doses in from 32 bulls under collection 2013-14. Agricultural operations are also being strengthened. The semen station obtained Grade A in the CMU evaluation of GoI, 2012-13.