Animal Disease Control Projects

Pilot Project on Brucella Control

NDDB is implementing a Brucella Control Project since 2013. The project is implemented in three settings for standardising implementation protocol:

a. In field conditions – in around 573 villages in the districts of Kutch, Kheda, Anand and Mahisagar districts of Gujarat
b. Around semen stations, which is important in the context of production of disease free semen
c. In organied dairy herd

The major components of the project are:

  • Extension and awareness creation among the stake holders
  • Vaccination and compulsory vaccinated identification of animal by ear-tagging
  • Milk Ring Tests in Villages/Sero-monitoring by RBPT & ELISA
  • Demonstration on disinfection of infected premises/Disposal of infected material and management of infected animal
  • Implementation transportation of brucellosis suspected specimens using Flinders Technology Associate (FTA) cards for ease of use is being field tested.
  • Use of easy to use pen-side diagnostic test viz. Lateral Flow Assay (LFA).
  • Adopting one health approach by creating linkages between human doctors, veterinarians, animal husbandry personnel, livestock farmers and other stakeholders to control the disease since being a zoonotic disease, it greatly impacts human wellbeing. Many symptomatic farmers and AH personnel with brucellosis have been treated and cured.
  • Results show that this successful field model can be emulated in other parts of the country where brucellosis is a major concern.

Mastitis Control Popularisation Programme (MCPP)

  • The project was initiated in Sabarkantha Milk Union in Gujarat in Oct’2014 covering 50 dairy cooperative societies the project was later extended to more than 1500 villages around 25 milk unions and producer companies.
  • The project aims to highlight the significance of subclinical mastitis, a form that causes more losses than the clinical form of mastitis and how its detection and treatment could help farmers.
  • It also focuses on rationalisation of drug usage, especially antibiotics by adopting cost-effective, efficacious and farmer friendly alternatives like “Ayurvedic Veterinary Medicine” (AVM) for managing many common ailments in bovines, including mastitis.
  • This holistic model has been presented at international forums like IDF and OIE as a sustainable model for developing countries.

Pilot Project on control of Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis

  • Implemented in 11 villages from 3 states and an organised farm in Gujarat to showcase the efficacy of inactivated marker IBR vaccine in the field to control the disease in highly endemic areas and farms.
  • Vaccinated animal could be differentiated from infected one using the companion test.
  • More than 90 per cent of the vaccinated animals remained protected from the disease even in highly endemic conditions both in field and farm.

Animal Disease Control Project (ADCP) for FMD Control – Kerala

  • The project covered 11 districts of Kerala (not included in FMD-CP).
  • Five rounds of mass vaccination covering all the susceptible species (cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat and pig) were carried out till March 2009.
  • The pre-project average of number of outbreaks, animals affected and animal mortalities during the period 1998-2004 were 611, 8225 and 92 respectively.
  • The average figures for the same during the project phase (2004-09) reduced drastically to 91, 816 and 41 respectively.
  • The total project cost was for Rs.34.18 crore with contributions from NDDB (24.98 crore), GoK (6.96 crore) and GoI (2.24 crore).
  • A self-sustainable model for disease control was established with corpus created with contributions from farmers and the government.
  • A corpus of Rs.17.15 crore was created from the above contributions by the end of the Project period (March 2009).

FMD Pilot Scheme, Ooty

  • The pilot was initiated in Ooty, Nilgris District, Tamil Nadu in the year 1982
  • Encouraged by the results of, project extended to adjoining 29 districts of states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala.
  • The pilot ended in 1985 and paved the way for Foot and Mouth Disease Control Programme (FMD CP) by GoI.